Our Gaudiya Parampara is the way to the Supreme. In modern terms it is the most straightforward path that leads one to God or Krishna. One who follows the processes of this system with enough eagerness and spiritual greed to attain the Lord; one will be surely blessed by Sriman Mahaprabhu with success in this very lifetime.
Having said that the Gaudiya way is a simple way, it is nevertheless not easy because it is important to understand the system in the right spirit and one should not take the processes of the Parampara for granted. A frivolous approach of feeling that one will attain God by chanting a few 100 rounds of Hare Krishna Mahamantra or simply associating with a Guru will grant one the access to the spiritual kingdom is preposterous. What makes the difference between languishing in darkness and realizing God is the mood, the mood of submission, the mood of feeling fallen from the heart, the desire to love God and the desire to serve. This is the deciding factor. The Panca Tattva or the five main deities of the Parampara represent the five major stages of evolution of a living entity from ignorance to God realization.
The five deities are those of Srivasa Thakhura, Advaita Acarya, Gadadhar Pandit, Nityananda Prabhu and Sriman Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
Srivasa Thakhura: He was one of the major devotees in Nabadwipa and a prime associate of Sriman Mahaprabhu. In the early leela of Mahaprabhu, the devotees of Mahaprabhu performed the Sankirtana leela at Srivasa Thakhura’s house. He is the re-incarnation of Sri Narada Muni.
He represents the regular devotee who has joined the movement. The living entity comes into the movement based on previous samskaras. At this time the living entity is simply learning based on one’s intention to grow in Bhakti. The devotee learns from mistakes and associates with other devotees, does Sadhu Sanga for growth. Thus Srivasa Thakhura represents the devotee aspect of the Lord.
Advaita Acarya: Sri Advaitacandra or Advaita Acarya was primarily responsible for getting the fountainhead of God Sriman Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to incarnate on this planet. He prayed with Tulasi buds and intensely prayed to the Lord to incarnate in Nabadwipa because devotion had dwindled and its place had been taken by dry dogmatism. He is the combined incarnation of Sri Sadasiva and Mahavishnu.
He represents the sphere between material world and spiritual world. As a result of sadhana when a devotee learns to view all his material engagements in spiritual light, it is representative of spiritual growth. When one meditates on the personality of Sri Advaita Acarya, one will be automatically led to higher realization. A person will be able to understand the root cause one’s material situations that manifest in one’s life. When one chants the holy name by thinking of Sri Advaita Acarya and His pastimes, one will be slowly relieved of the agony of material botheration. Sri Advaita Acarya represents the Purusa incarnation of the Lord
Gadadhar Pandit: Gadadhar Pandit was the childhood friend of the Lord and always provided emotional support to the Lord. He used to render the Srimad Bhagavatham for the pleasure of the Lord during the later years of the Lord’s stay at Jagannatha Puri. He is the combined incarnation of Srimati Radharani and Sri Rukmani Devi.
Sri Gadadhar Pandit represents the love energy of the Lord. When a devotee advances in sadhana he will be able to see the divine working of the Lord and will be able to notice that everything that happens is just the loving reciprocation of the Lord to one’s adoption of the Bhakti process. The energy is represented in two aspects of Sri Rukmani Devi and Srimati Radharani. Rukmani Devi represents the upkeep and financial aspect of a devotee who has taken up full-time service to the Lord. The Lord attaches his wedded wife to mother his dear devotee who only looks up to the Lord for his maintenance. The aspect of Radharani is the love energy that is distributed by inspiration. The devotee who serves the Lord is distributing the energy of the Lord in whatever capacity he can. The aspect of Raganuga is Srimati Radharani which is the goal of the Parampara. Thus Gadadhar Pandit represents the hladini Shakti of the Lord.
Nityananda Prabhu: Nityananda Prabhu is the eternal associate of the Lord. He was the Lord’s spiritual elder brother and shadow of the Lord. He represents the first expansion of the Lord.
When a devotee gets into Ekanta Bhajana, he will be able to understand the aspect of Sri Nityananda Prabhu. The aspect of eternity is represented by Nityananda Prabhu. One will be able to understand the spiritual aspect of all manifested things. By meditating on Nityananda Prabhu one will be able to witness the soul’s eternal nature and the permanent nature of Bhakti in one’s life. One will be guided by the Guru Tattva from within the soul, which is a representation of Sri Nityananda Prabhu. Thus Nityananda Prabhu is the eternal Guru and He also represents the sandhini potency of the Lord.
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu: Sriman Mahaprabhu is the Love incarnation of the Lord and He appeared in Kaliyuga to enjoy the mood of Srimati Radharani for Krishna and also for delivering the entire world with Love of Godhead.
When a devotee realizes God, he understands the nature of all things and nothing remains unknown to Him. He gets established in his original constitutional position as the eternal servant of Krishna. Love becomes the language of such an individual. He stays on the material plane as a reservoir of compassion; there remains nothing to attain or realize. Sriman Mahaprabhu is a representation of that Supreme Love which is attainable in this Kaliyuga by following a spiritual master in the Gaudiya tradition and under his instructions performing sadhana with intense spiritual greed. To develop this spiritual greed, one has to pray to Sriman Mahaprabhu consistently and make Bhajana and sadhana as one’s goal. True transformation can only happen when one is committed to the original teachings of Sriman Mahaprabhu and the Six Goswamis of Vrindavana. Sriman Mahaprabhu represents the samvit energy of Godhead although He is the sum totality of Godhead.